Cent Eur J Public Health. 2017;25(Supplement):S57-9.
DOI: 10.21101/cejph.a4951. PubMed PMID: 28752750
Trends in Children's Toothbrushing in the Czech Republic from 1994 to 2014: Results of the HBSC Study
Jana Vašíčková1, Tomáš Hollein1, Dagmar Sigmundová1, Sisko Honkala2, Jan Pavelka1, Michal Kalman1
1Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
2Department of Clinical Dentistry, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
Objectives: Brushing one's teeth twice a day is the main self-care method to prevent the most prevalent non-communicable diseases. The aim of the study is to describe the trends in brushing teeth in 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech children between 1994 and 2014. Methods: One question about oral health from the HBSC study protocol was used in the six surveys (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014). Altogether, 21,170 answers from boys and girls were analyzed using statistical description and binominal logistic regression. Results: The findings showed that the prevalence of brushing their teeth more than once a day increased throughout the twenty years, more so in boys, but a preventive programme is still needed to educate the 21–38% of those who brush their teeth less than twice a day. Conclusion: Although the recommended frequency of brushing their teeth has increased among Czech school-aged children, it still lags far behind the recommended twice-a-day regularity, especially among boys.
Keywords: habits, brushing teeth, oral health, dental care, schoolchildren
Address for correspondence: J. Vašíčková, FTK UP Olomouc, třída Míru 117, 771 11 Olomouc, Czech Republic. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org