Cent Eur J Public Health. 2017;25(Supplement):S51-6.
DOI: 10.21101/cejph.a4820. PubMed PMID: 28752749
Trends in Life Satisfaction and Self-rated Health in Czech School-aged Children: HBSC Study
Lenka Hodačová1, Eva Hlaváčková2, Dagmar Sigmundová3, Michal Kalman3, Jaroslava Kopčáková4,5
1Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
2Department of Clinical Subspecialities, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Pardubice, Pardubice, Czech Republic
3Insitute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
4Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Košice, Slovak Republic
5Graduate School, Kosice Institute for Society and Health, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Košice, Slovak Republic
Objectives: The aim of the study is to examine cross-sectional time trends of life satisfaction and self-rated health in a representative sample of Czech children aged 11, 13 and 15 years using the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study data from the Czech Republic. Methods: Data from survey years 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 was used. The sample consisted of 16,357 participants (48.5% of boys). Life satisfaction (LS) was measured by Cantril's ladder; self-rated health was measured through the simple item "Would you say your health is: excellent, good, fair, poor". Results: Most of the children were satisfied with their lives in all surveyed years (mean LS scores range from 7.21 to 7.51; maximum 10). LS was consistently significantly associated (p<0.001) with age and gender. Overall, children and adolescents in the Czech Republic also reported good health. In total, 87.6% of respondents from all samples reported their health as excellent or good. Gender was found to be significantly associated with self-rated health (p<0.05) in all surveyed years. Conclusions: No permanent trends in both followed indicators have been seen in the examined period.
Keywords: study, adolescents, life satisfaction, self-rated health, time trends
Address for correspondence: L. Hodačová, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Social Medicine, Šimkova 870, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org